S P I N E
Location of Point: This point on hand is on the red and white skin margin that is to be found on the outer side of the thumb that runs towards the wrist. In foot this point is also on the margin of the red and white skin or rough and soft skin that can be found on the inner side of the foot that starts from the inner side of the base of the big toe and goes towards the heel. This point is not just one spot but rather it covers the whole area mentioned above in hand and foot. This point can be helpful if pressed for the following indications.
The spinal column gives our body flexibility and keeps us upright. It also protects the delicate spinal cord. The spinal or vertebral column forms the part of the skeleton commonly known as the backbone or spine. The spinal bones are also known as vertebrae or spondylos. The spine supports the skull and gives attachment to the pelvic girdle, supporting the lower limbs.
The vertebral column is divided into five main sections. Each section has a specific function and together they maintain the stability of the skeleton as a whole. The vertebral column consists of 30 spinal bones, known as the vertebrae. There are 7 cervical vertebrae (C1-C7), 12 thoracic (T1-T12), 5 lumbar (L1-L5), 5 sacral (S1-S5) and 1 coccyx (tail bone). Whereas the cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae are separate bones, the sacral and coccyx vertebrae are fused (inflexible). Muscles and ligaments attached to the vertebrae join one vertebra with the next in line and helps in its movement and posture.
The spinal cord which establishes communication between the brain and the body runs down through the vertebral canal. This canal is formed as all the 30 individual vertebras sits one over the other to from the vertebral column and the canal along with joints. When one vertebra is held over the other then on both sides of it an opening is formed called as intervertebral foramen (opening). This foramen is found between every pair of vertebrae, through which the 31 paired spinal nerves arising from both the sides of spinal cord and blood vessels passes. When the space between the vertebras is reduced it may compress the spinal nerves or the cord resulting in back pain, sciatica and etc.
Intervertebral Discs: Between the bodies of individual vertebrae are the intervertebral discs. Each disc is made of connective tissue with a soft central (nucleus) component (the jelly-like pulposus), and a tougher surrounding tissue known as annulus fibrosus. The discs are elastic and allow a wide range of different movements, and as the spinal column’s natural shock absorber, protect the vertebrae from excessive pressure.
A disc may be displaced (prolapsed) backwards, irritating the spinal nerves and giving rise to the pain associated with prolapsed (also known as ‘slipped’) discs. With age, the discs become progressively thinner, partly accounting for the loss of height in older people.
The spine exhibits four curvatures when viewed from the side. The cervical and lumbar curvatures are convex anteriorly (frontward/lordosis). The thoracic and sacral curvatures are convex posteriorly (backward/kyphosis).
Functions of Spine:
• Spine forms the central axis of the skeleton and supports the weight of the head, neck and trunk.
• It forms the axis of the trunk, giving attachment to the ribs, shoulder girdle and upper limbs, and the pelvic girdle and lower limbs.
• The intervertebral disc in the spinal column act as shock absorbers, protecting the brain.
• Collectively the vertebral foramina (opening) form the vertebral canal which provides a strong bony protection for the delicate spinal cord lying within it.
• Through the intervertebral foramina passes the spinal nerves and blood vessels.
• Its segmented structure provides flexibility, allowing the trunk to bend and twist.
Pain in spine
Sprain in neck or back
Slip Disc (PID)
Pain in abdomen
Numbness of hand and legs
Hip joint pain
Leg muscles cramps (Night cramps)