Odisha Swastha Seva Sangha


POINT # 13




Location of Point: In hand Point No. 13 is 2 fingers width below the point No. 11 or wrist crease. In foot this point is located in the pit directly below the centre of the internal malleolus (the prominent and elevated lower end of the leg bone tibia). Use your finger and not any instruments to put pressure on this point. The indicated disorders can be treated by this point.



The uterus, or womb, is the part of the female reproductive tract that nurtures and protects the fetus during pregnancy. It lies within the pelvic cavity and is a hollow, muscular organ.



Functions of Uterus:
    After puberty the uterus goes through a regular cycle of changes, the menstrual cycle, which prepares it to receive, nourish and protect a fertilized ovum. It provides the environment for the growing fetus, during the 40-week gestation period, at the end of which the baby is born. The cycle is usually regular, lasting between 26 and 30 days. If the ovum is not fertilized a new cycle begins with a short period of bleeding (menstruation).



Menstrual Cycle:
After ovulation, if successful coitus (i.e., fertilization) does not take place, the ovum is degenerated and wasted away. From the day of ovulation, the uterine inner wall (endometrium) starts to prepare itself for embedding the fertilized ovum (anticipating successful coitus). But when fertilization fails to occur, the uterine inner wall breaks down. The debris of the inner broken wall of uterus and blood are shed off via the vagina and this is called menstruation. Menstruation, therefore also occurs cyclically at the intervals of approximately 4 weeks (28 days) and hence this cycle (the 4 week period, during which growth of the uterine inner wall and subsequent breakdown occurs) is called the menstrual cycle. Menstruation and menstrual cycle are two different terms.


During menstrual cycle, some major changes occur in the (i) uterus; (ii) in addition, changes occur also in vagina, breast and other organs, (iii) side by side the maturation of follicle in the ovary (ovarian cycle) continues.


The menstrual cycle is considered to start with the onset of menstruation, which occupies approximately 4 days out of the complete cycle of about 28 days. Apart from menstruation, the cycle can be divided into two phases, the days before (proliferative phase) and the days after ovulation (secretory phase). The actions of the phases of menstrual cycle are as follows:

(a) During menstruation (days 1-6) lining of the uterus (endometrium) breaks down and is discharged.


(b) At start of the proliferative phase (days 7-13), cells begin to repair the endometrium and


(c) Follicles in the ovary begin to form an ovum (egg).


(d) Ovulation takes place (around day 14) and the ovary releases its ovum into the fallopian tube.


(e) The secretory phase (days 15-28) follows ovulation. The ovum travels up the fallopian tube towards the uterus and hormones thicken the endometrium (the inner wall of uterus) in readiness to support a fertilized ovum. If the ovum is not fertilized by the sperm then hormone levels fall and blood vessels in the uterus constrict. This causes the unused endometrial blood and debris to be discharged from the body through the vaginal and the next menstrual cycle begins again.





Menstrual problems

Absence of menstruation

Difficulty in menstruation

Painful menstruation

Female infertility


Excessive sweating

Controls uterus functions
Labor pain

Smooth facilitation of childbirth

Pelvic inflammatory disease


Cyst and tumors








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